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Different Types of Counselling and Psychotherapy

Counselling and Psychotherapy, when used collectively, can be seen as one of the most effective therapies around. The first step in this journey is education. The reason why counselling and psychotherapy are so beneficial is that they educate a person into making changes so that they can live better and achieve their goals. So what exactly is counselling and psychotherapy?

Description: Psychotherapy and counselling are the application of mental techniques, especially when based on in-depth personal communication with an adult, to assist a person to change behaviour and conquer difficulties in desired ways over a longer-term period. The counselling and psychotherapy process normally takes longer-term to achieve results. A combination of talking through feelings and identifying triggers is common in counselling and psychotherapy, as well as participation in tasks that are enjoyable and challenging. A more detailed explanation of what counselling and psychotherapy involve can be found in the article entitled "what is counselling and psychotherapy?"

Types of counselling and psychotherapy The most popular form of counselling and psychotherapy at the moment is CBT (Computer-Based Therapy). This form of therapy involves two people, with the first person usually having greater input than the second. A CBT counsellor will have the task of guiding the client through a set of steps that will assist them to recognise triggers that can cause emotional distress and can help them overcome these triggers in the future. Each step that the counsellor takes will be supported by a series of discussions between the two people. CBT can be very effective over a long-term period, but is limited by its inability to address issues that are more complex and challenging over shorter time-frames. Learn more about counselling and psychotherapy here. 

Soothing Reactions This type of counselling and psychotherapy focuses on reducing the negative effects of past stress and traumatic experiences. The aim is for clients to release the emotional reaction which has been developed due to the stress or traumatic event(s) and replace it with a calmer, more relaxed response. An example of this type of reaction could be the client becoming afraid of being in a certain place because they may experience a panic attack. The counselling and psychotherapists will use a variety of techniques and methods to try and reduce the impact on the client's state of mind. Techniques such as role playing, exercise, colouring and massage can all help the client to relax and feel better about themselves. This type of counselling and psychotherapy can be successful in dealing with minor issues that tend to crop up every now and then, but again, is not recommended for dealing with more complex and severe emotional and behavioural issues.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy This type of counselling and psychotherapy tends to deal with issues which cannot be addressed by any of the previous methods. This includes issues that have emerged over a period of time and have become more ingrained as the client has grown and encountered new stresses. The therapist will work with the client's thoughts and beliefs in order to try and remove these beliefs and to replace them with more logical and realistic ones. For instance, a client who had a strong negative belief about money would probably benefit from cognitive behaviour therapy in which they would learn to see money in a different light. Cognitive behavioural therapy also tends to focus more on the present than on the past and will often deal with clients who tend to develop 'present-tense' attitudes towards things such as work and other daily events. This is because a common belief held at a young age is that the present is set in stone, regardless of what has happened in the past.

Marriage and Family Therapy This is a growing sector in the field of counselling and psychotherapy and many people seek advice as to how they can make their marriage work. This includes how to overcome any problems with communication or trust between the two partners, as well as how to improve the stability of the relationship. This form of therapy usually takes place over a long period of time, and it is likely that during this time the therapist and the counsellor will be talking to each other using a variety of techniques. This type of counselling requires that the counsellor work closely with the couple as a couple, so you should expect to have weekly sessions where the counsellor gives the couple advice and help, as well as regular one on one sessions where the therapist works on providing individual counselling. Look up counsellor Caroline McDougall online to get started. 

To know even more about counseling, head over to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Counseling_psychology.